To check the full In-text citations guidelines, please refer to the print Publication Manual available at USEK Library pp. 169-179. To check tenses to use in your paper, please check pages 65-66 of this Publication Manual.
In-text citations must be placed in your paper every time you use a source.
APA style uses the author- date method with brackets ( ) to include 3 parts in this order:
(1) author(s) (last name);
(2) publication year; and
(3) page or paragraph number.
If you are directly quoting the material, you have to make reference to the author's last name, the year of publication and the pages, for example, (Khoury, 2010, p.10), and a full reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
If you are referring to an idea and you are NOT directly quoting the material (paraphrasing or summarazing), you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your in-text reference. All sources that are mentioned in the body text should appear in your reference list at the end of the paper.
(Note: in the References list, only the first word of a title should be capitalized: e.g. Publication guides.)
Short Quotation Format:
“…” (Author last name, year of publication, page).
e. g. (Khoury, 1990, p. 10)
It is recommended to use signal phrases in in-text reference; Three ways can be followed:
He stated, "Students had difficulty using APA style" (Khoury, 1990, p.199).
Begly 's (1990) study that was cited and used in several student studies and researchers papers found the following:
that men and women whose faces are rated very attractive
are no healthier as adolescents or adults than people rated,
well, homely. Attractiveness wasn't even related to the number
of children the person had, casting doubt on whether beauty is
a market for fertility, as the theory claims.( p.3)
According to Khoury (1990), APA 6th edition style is difficult for first-time learners.
APA referencing is a difficult citation format for first-time learners (Khoury, 1990).
A secondary source is when the idea of an author is published in another author’s work but you have not accessed the original author’s text.
What to do in this case?
Include both the original author and the author of the work where idea was found in the in-text reference.
Add "as cited in" before the author in the in-text reference. For example - (Original author last name, as cited in Author last name of work where quote found, Year)